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Brief History

Brief history upon call of Tanzania new constitution

The political, social and economic environment within which the project is developed

The call for a new Constitution by the public in Tanzania is not new, it goes way back to 1961 after independence, the first demand was raised soon after Tanganyika got independence, the call for the change basically was based on the following grounds; the inherited Constitution was Based on the Westminster model, lacking the Bill of rights, Provided for a Governor General (representing the Queen of England as the Head of State) to rule Tanganyika by then. Furthermore the Constitution produced an Executive Prime Minister from the majority party in Parliament.

The second call for the change was in 1962 the concern was after the Republican Constitution was made whereby marked the beginning of the Presidential system, laid a foundation for ‘imperial presidency’, Combined in the president the powers of head of State, head of Government, all the previous powers of the Governor General and Prime Minister (Commander in Chief, part of Parliament, appointed Ministers, deputies and the Vice President). The President had several powers including chairing the Cabinet and dissolving the parliament. Also collective and individual responsibility of ministers and cabinet shifted from the National Assembly to the President, at the same time the Parliament could not under any circumstances impeach the President. The 1964 Constitutional change came after the union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, the union came with 11 articles of union which were agreed by two leaders of Tanganyika and Zanzibar leaving the majority consensus, which are among the causes of union problems todate. Then came the 1965 Constitutional change which basically entrenched a single party political system however in reality there were two political parties TANU for Tanganyika and ASP for Zanzibar.

12 years after the 1965 Constitutional change it was noted that actually the amendment made violated the principles of one party system; there came a merging of two parties to be one Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) which necessitated the making of the 1977 Constitution. The 1977 Constitution has undergone 14 amendments however all amendments did not take on board the public concerns, participation and therefore left excessive powers of the President.

1992 Tanzania switched back to multiparty political system, whereas different political parties participated in local and general elections, soon after 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010 general elections there have been concerns and demands for new Constitutions resulted from poor elections management, Power of the President, Independence of the Electoral Commission, use of public resources just to mention a few. These are some of the people’s concerns to be addressed in the new Constitution.

In principle the willingness of the President to see the need to address the scourge came from the people’s demand as resulted from the 2010 general elections results, therefore President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete announced during the 2011 New Year eve address that Tanzania as a nation need a new Constitution now after 50 years of independence. Addressing the nation President Kikwete insisted that he will form a Constitutional Review Commission to coordinate and supervise the Constitutional making process in Tanzania. In February 2011 the Prime Minister pronounced in the parliament that the government is bringing a Bill to parliament in April 2011 which will lay down the process and institutions to supervise the same.

 

Mission

To mobilize, facilitate and promote citizen participation in the making and implementation of the United Republic of Tanzania constitution through empowerment and coordination of CSO's

Vision

A nation which is lead by the participatory constitution which stands for the right, freedom and equality of all Tanzanians

Programmes

Jukwaa la Katiba Tanzania runs the following Programmes;

(a) Civic Engagement
Engaging with the Government, Court of Law, Parliament, Civil Societies and Different Groups of Tanzania citizens and the General Public in the process of Tanzania new Constitution making.

(b) Civic Education

Rising citizen's constitutional awareness and participation in the new Constitution making process.  

(c) Capacity Building

Building the capacity of civil society organizations and Networks in the Constitutional making process.

(d) Monitoring and Evaluation

Monitoring and evaluation of the entire new constitution making process and its Implementation in Tanzania. The programme activities being implemented are herein below mentioned;

1. To draft an alternative  Process Bill

2. To conduct the consultative meetings on the draft process Bill

3. Presentation on conceptual clarity of the Bill and further inputs to the relevant institutions and              other stakeholders  

4. Engage with parliament during parliamentary sessions in Dodoma

5. Engage Constitutional experts in the Constitutional making process

6. Conduct ToT training workshops for national and regional facilitators

7. To acquire and disseminate copies of the Constitution and other advocacy, training and campaign materials

8. To facilitate civil society organizations on the engagement with communities

9. To facilitate networking, learning and information sharing

10. Produce Publications and documentation

11. To monitor enactment of the Bill and implementation of the Act

12. To monitor the civil society organization engagement in the Constitutional making process

13. To monitor people's participation regarding to gender, corruption, human rights abuse and marginalized groups in the Constitutional making process

14. To gather different reports from CSOs and different stakeholders

15. Organize civil society consultative meetings

16. To gather emerging issues from the public with regard to the new Constitution

17. Prepare joint statements on emerging issues on Constitutional making process

18. Facilitate information sharing between and amongst civil society organizations

19. Launch the program/campaign

20. Prepare and issues press statements

21. Build the capacity of the media on the Constitutional making process

22. Prepare Radio, TV Spots and Television programs and documentaries

23. Commission a study on other countries experiences

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ENGLISH

RESOURCES

CONSTITUTIONALISM, ELECTIONS AND DEMOCRACY IN TANZANIA PROGRAMME
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MWONGOZO WA BUNGE MAALUM LA KATIBA TANZANIA
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MASUALA YA WANANCHI KATIKA KATIBA INAYOPENDEKEZWA
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RASIMU YA PILI YA KATIBA MPYA
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MWONGOZO WA KATIBA KWA RAIA
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KATIBA YA JAM. YA MUNG. TZ, 1977
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KATIBA YA JAM. YA MUNG. TZ, 1977 (NUKTA NUNDU)
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ORGANORGRAM
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AUDITED FINANCIAL REPORT 2014
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Contacts

JUKWAA LA KATIBA TANZANIA
Plot No. 201 Block 46 Kijitonyama
Adjacent to Kijitonyama Hostels Flats
P.O.Box 78466
Dar es salaam
Tanzania

Tel: +255 222773795
Fax: +255 222773764
Email: jukwaa.katiba@gmail.com
info@jukwaalakatibatz.com
Website: www.jukwaalakatibatz.com
Facebook A/c: jukwaa katiba

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